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[Music / Sound Related Lists]

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  • Chord Structure
    • Chord (Symbol): Scale Degrees Used [Chord most - least common]
    • Major (Maj): 1st-3rd -5th
    • Minor (mi, -,m): 1st-I3rd-5th
    • Diminished (dim, º): 1st-I3rd-5th-II7th
    • Augmented (+, aug): 1st-3rd-T5th
    • Dominant 7th (dom.7, 7): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th
    • Minor 7th (-7, min 7): 1st-I3rd-5th-I7th
    • Major 7th (M7, ma 7): 1st-3rd-5th-maj 7th
    • Major 6th (M6, 6): 1st-3rd-5th-6th
    • Minor 6th (mi 6, -6): 1st-I3rd-5th-6th
    • 7th T5th (7+5, 7T5 ): 1st-3rd-T5th-I7th
    • 7th I5th (7-5, 7I5): 1st-3rd-I5th-I7th
    • Major 7th I3rd (Ma 7-3): 1st-I3rd-5th-maj 7th
    • Minor 7th T3rd (mi 7-5, -7I5): 1st-I3rd-I5th-I7th
    • 7th Suspended 4th (7 sus 4): 1st-4th-5th-I7th
    • 9th (9): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-9th
    • Major 9th (mi 9, -9): 1st-I3rd-5th-I7th-9th
    • Minor 9th (Ma 9): 1st-3rd-5th-maj 7th-9th
    • 9th Augmented 5th (9T5): 1st-3rd-T5th-I7th-9th
    • 9th I5th (9-5, 9I5): 1st-3rd-I5th-I7th-9th
    • 7th I9th (7-9, 7I9): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-I9th
    • Augmented 9th (9+, 7+9): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-T9th
    • 9/6 (NA, 6 add 9): 1st-3rd-5th-6th-9th
    • 11th (11): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-9th-11th
    • Augmented 11th (11+, 7 aug 11): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-9th-T11th
    • 13th (12): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-9th-11th-13th
    • 13th I 9th (13I9): 1st-3rd-5th-I7th-I9th-11th-13th
    • 13th I 9th I 5th (13I9I5): 1st-3rd-I5th-I7th-I9th-11th -13th
    • Half Diminished (): 1st-I3rd-I5th-I7th  
  • Musical Instruments
    • Category - Instrument [Category A - Z then Instrument A - Z]
    • Brass
      • basset-horn
      • bass-horn
      • bombardon
      • bugle
      • cornet
      • cornopean
      • euphonium
      • flugelhorn
      • French horn
      • handhorn
      • helicon horn
      • mellophone
      • sackbut
      • sarrusophone
      • saxhorn
      • slide trombone
      • sousaphone
      • trombone
      • trumpet
      • tuba
    • Keyboard
      • accordion
      • calliope
      • celest
      • clavichord
      • clavicythera
      • dulcitone
      • forte-piano
      • grand piano
      • harmonium
      • harpsichord
      • melodeon
      • Moog™
      • Novachord Ondes
      • Martenot
      • organ
      • pianino
      • piano
      • pianoforte
      • pianola
      • spinet
      • synthesizer
      • virginal
      • Wurlitzer™
    • Percussion
      • angel chimes
      • anvil
      • banana drum
      • barrel drum
      • bass drum
      • bells
      • bhaya
      • bongo drums
      • castanets
      • celesta
      • changko
      • chengcheng
      • chime bar
      • Chinese block
      • clappers
      • claves
      • cowbell
      • crotals
      • cylindrical drums
      • cymbals
      • drum
      • frame drum
      • glockenspiel
      • gong
      • gong chimes
      • handbell
      • hi-hat cymbals
      • idiophone
      • jew's harp
      • kettledrum
      • lithophone
      • maracas
      • mbila
      • piano
      • rattle
      • rommelpot
      • saron
      • scraper
      • sekere
      • shaker
      • side drum
      • sistrum
      • sleigh bells
      • slit drum
      • snare drum
      • stamping
      • tube steel drum
      • tabla
      • tabor
      • taiko
      • tambour
      • tambourine
      • tam-tam
      • tenor drum
      • temple block
      • thumb piano
      • timbal
      • timpani
      • tom-tom
      • triangle
      • tubular bells
      • Turkish crescent
      • tympani
      • vibraphone
      • vibraslap
      • washboard
      • whip
      • wobble-board
      • wood block
      • xylophone
      • xylorimba
    • String
      • aeolian/wind harp
      • archlute
      • balalaika
      • banjo
      • banjolele
      • banjolin
      • banjulele
      • bass guitar
      • bass lute
      • bass viol
      • bouzouki
      • cello
      • Celtic harp
      • chitarrone
      • contrabass
      • double bass
      • fiddle
      • gamba
      • guitar
        • acoustic (nylon strung, metal strung)
        • dobro
        • classical
        • electric
        • steel
      • gusli
      • harp
      • hurdy-gurdy
      • kanoon
      • kantele
      • kithara
      • lute
      • lyre
      • mandolin
      • psaltery
      • rebec
      • saz
      • sitar
      • theorbo-lute
      • twelve-string guitar
      • ukulele
      • vina
      • viol
      • viola
      • viola bastarda
      • viola da gamba
      • viola d'amore
      • violetta
      • violin
      • violoncello
      • violone
      • zither
    • Wind / Woodwind
      • alpenhorn
      • altohorn
      • bagpipes
      • barrel organ
      • bassoon
      • bombard
      • clarinet
      • contrabassoon
      • crumhorn
      • fife
      • fipple flute
      • flageolet
      • flute
      • harmonica
      • heckelphone
      • kazoo
      • mouth organ
      • oboe
      • ocarina
      • piccolo
      • piffero
      • pipe
      • recorder
      • saxophone
      • shawm
      • stock-and-horn
      • tin whistle
      • whistle
    • Full Symphony Orchestra Instruments
      • Instrument * Number [Instrument A - Z]
      • bass clarinet * 1
      • bass drum * 1
      • bassoons * 3
      • celesta * 1
      • cellos * 11
      • clarinets * 3
      • contrabassoon * 1
      • cor anglais * 1
      • cymbals * 1 pair
      • double basses * 9
      • flutes * 3
      • French horns * 5
      • glockenspiel * 1
      • harp * 1
      • oboes * 3
      • piano * 1
      • piccolo * 1
      • snare drum * 1
      • timpani * 4
      • triangle * 1
      • trombones * 4
      • trumpets * 4
      • tuba * 1
      • violas * 12
      • violins, first * 18
      • violins, second * 17
  • Computer Created / Related Music
    • MIDI Patch Numbers
      • Bank Number: Patch Number (Sound) [Bank / Patch Number 0 - 9]
      • Bank 0 (Piano #1)
        • 0: Acoustic Grand Piano
        • 1: Bright Acoustic Piano
        • 2: Electric Grand Piano
        • 3: Honky-tonk Piano
        • 4: Rhodes Piano
        • 5: Chorused Piano
        • 6: Harpsichord
        • 7: Clavinet
      • Bank 1 (Piano #2)
        • 8: Celesta
        • 9: Glockenspiel
        • 10: Music Box
        • 11: Vibraphone
        • 12: Marimba
        • 13: Xylophone
        • 14: Tubular Bells
        • 15: Dulcimer
      • Bank 2 (Organ)
        • 16: Hammond Organ
        • 17: Percussive Organ
        • 18: Rock Organ
        • 19: Church Organ
        • 20: Reed Organ
        • 21: Accordion
        • 22: Harmonica
        • 23: Tango Accordion
      • Bank 3 (Guitar)
        • 24: Acoustic Guitar (nylon)
        • 25: Acoustic Guitar (steel)
        • 26: Electric Guitar (jazz)
        • 27: Electric Guitar (clean)
        • 28: Electric Guitar (muted)
        • 29: Overdriven Guitar
        • 30: Distortion Guitar
        • 31: Guitar Harmonics
      • Bank 4 (Bass Guitar)
        • 32: Acoustic Bass
        • 33: Electric Bass (finger)
        • 34: Electric Bass (pick)
        • 35: Fretless Bass
        • 36: Slap Bass 1
        • 37: Slap Bass 2
        • 38: Synth Bass 1
        • 39: Synth Bass 2
      • Bank 5 (String #1)
        • 40: Violin
        • 41: Viola
        • 42: Cello
        • 43: Contrabass
        • 44: Tremolo Strings
        • 45: Pizzicato Strings
        • 46: Orchestral Harp
        • 47: Timpani
      • Bank 6 (String #2)
        • 48: String Ensemble 1
        • 49: String Ensemble 2
        • 50: SynthStrings 1
        • 51: SynthStrings 2
        • 52: Choir Aahs
        • 53: Voice Oohs
        • 54: Synth Voice
        • 55: Orchestra Hit
      • Bank 7 (Brass)
        • 56: Trumpet
        • 57: Trombone
        • 58: Tuba
        • 59: Muted Trumpet
        • 60: French Horn
        • 61: Brass Section
        • 62: Synth Brass 1
        • 63: Synth Brass 2
      • Bank 8 (Woodwind)
        • 64: Soprano Sax
        • 65: Alto Sax
        • 66: Tenor Sax
        • 67: Baritone Sax
        • 68: Oboe
        • 69: English Horn
        • 70: Bassoon
        • 71: Clarinet
      • Bank 9 (Wind)
        • 72: Piccolo
        • 73: Flute
        • 74: Recorder
        • 75: Pan Flute
        • 76: Bottle Blow
        • 77: Shakuhachi
        • 78: Whistle
        • 79: Ocarina
      • Bank 10 (Synth - Lead)
        • 80: Lead 1 (square)
        • 81: Lead 2 (sawtooth)
        • 82: Lead 3 (calliope lead)
        • 83: Lead 4 (chiff lead)
        • 84: Lead 5 (charang)
        • 85: Lead 6 (voice)
        • 86: Lead 7 (fifths)
        • 87: Lead 8 (bass + lead)
      • Bank 11 (Pads)
        • 88: Pad 1 (new age)
        • 89: Pad 2 (warm)
        • 90: Pad 3 (polysynth)
        • 91: Pad 4 (choir)
        • 92: Pad 5 (bowed)
        • 93: Pad 6 (metallic)
        • 94: Pad 7 (halo)
        • 95: Pad 8 (sweep)
      • Bank 12 (Effects)
        • 96: FX 1 (rain)
        • 97: FX 2 (soundtrack)
        • 98: FX 3 (crystal)
        • 99: FX 4 (atmosphere)
        • 100: FX 5 (brightness)
        • 101: FX 6 (goblins)
        • 102: FX 7 (echoes)
        • 103: FX 8 (sci-fi)
      • Bank 13 (String #3)
        • 104: Sitar
        • 105: Banjo
        • 106: Shamisen
        • 107: Koto
        • 108: Kalimba
        • 109: Bagpipe
        • 110: Fiddle
        • 111: Shanai
      • Bank 14 (Percussion)
        • 112: Tinkle Bell
        • 113: Agogo
        • 114: Steel Drums
        • 115: Woodblock
        • 116: Taiko Drum
        • 117: Melodic Tom
        • 118: Synth Drum
        • 119: Reverse Cymbal
      • Bank 15 (Effects #2)
        • 120: Guitar Fret Noise
        • 121: Breath Noise
        • 122: Seashore
        • 123: Bird Tweet
        • 124: Telephone Ring
        • 125: Helicopter
        • 126: Applause
        • 127: Gunshot
    • MIDI Controllers
      • Controller Number: Assignment [Controller Number 0 - 9]
      • 0: Bank Change
      • 1: Modulation Wheel
      • 2: Breath Controller
      • 4: Foot Controller
      • 5: Portamento Time
      • 6: Data Entry MSB
      • 7: Volume Controller
      • 8: Balance
      • 10: Pan
      • 11: Expression
      • 64: Damper (Sustain) Pedal
      • 65: Portamento
      • 66: Sostenuto
      • 67: Soft Pedal
      • 69: Hold 2
      • 91: Reverb Depth
      • 92: Tremolo Depth
      • 93: Chorus Depth
      • 94: Celeste (Detune) Depth
      • 95: Phaser Depth
      • 96: Data Increment
      • 97: Data Decrement
      • 122: Local Control
      • 123: All Notes Off
      • 124: Omni Mode Off
      • 125: Omni Mode On
      • 126: Mono Mode On
      • 127: Poly Mode On
  • Musical Direction Terminology
    • Term: Meaning [Term A - Z]
    • a battuta: return to strict time
    • a cappella: unaccompanied
    • accelerando: accelerating
    • adagietto: fairly slowly
    • adagio: slowly
    • ad libitum: at will
    • affettuoso: tenderly
    • agitato: agitated
    • al fine: to the end
    • allargando: broadening
    • allegretto: fairly lively
    • allegro: lively
    • al segno: as far as the sign
    • amoroso: tenderly
    • andante: moderately slow
    • andantino: slightly faster than andante
    • animato: spirited
    • assai: very
    • a tempo: in the original tempo
    • attacca: continue without stopping
    • bis: repeat
    • calando: becoming quieter and slower
    • cantabile: in a singing manner
    • capriccioso: freely
    • coda: final part of a movement
    • col legno: with stick of the bow
    • con amore: tenderly
    • con brio: with vigour
    • con fuoco: fiery
    • con sordino: with a mute
    • crescendo (cresc): becoming louder
    • da capo: from the beginning
    • dal segno: from the sign
    • decrescendo: becoming quieter
    • diminuendo (dim): becoming quieter
    • dolente: sorrowfully
    • doppio: double
    • forte (f): loudly
    • fortissimo (ff): very loudly
    • giocoso: playfully
    • glissando: sliding
    • in modo di: in the manner of
    • larghetto: fairly slowly
    • largo: very slowly
    • legato: tied: or smoothly
    • leggiero: lightly
    • lento: slowly
    • maestoso: majestically
    • marcato: accented
    • marcia: march
    • meno mosso: slower pace
    • mezza: voce at half strength
    • mezzo: half
    • mezzoforte (mf): fairly loudly
    • moderato: moderately
    • molto: very
    • morendo: dying away
    • mosso: fast
    • moto: motion
    • nobilmente: nobly
    • non troppo: not too much
    • obbligato: not to be omitted
    • ped: pedal
    • pesante: heavily
    • pianissimo (pp): very soft
    • piano (p): soft
    • più: more
    • pizzicato (pizz): plucked
    • poco: a little
    • portamento: carrying one note into the next
    • prestissimo: as fast as possible
    • presto: very fast
    • rallentando (rall): slowing down
    • ravvivando: quickening
    • rinforzando/rfz: accentuated
    • ritardando (rit): slowing down
    • ritenuto: more slowly
    • scherzando: playfully
    • segno: sign
    • semplice: simply
    • sempre: always / throughout
    • senza: without
    • sforzando (sf, sfz): strongly accented
    • sordino: mute
    • sostenuto: sustained
    • sotto: voce in an undertone
    • staccato: detached
    • stretto: in quicker time
    • stringendo: intensifying
    • subito: immediately
    • tacet: instrument remains silent
    • tempo: speed / beat
    • tenuto (ten): held
    • tutti: whole orchestra
    • vivace: lively
    • vif: lively
    • vivement: lively
    • zoppa: syncopated
  • Musical Forms
    • Form [Form A - Z]
    • air
    • anthem
    • aria
    • arietta
    • aubade
    • bagatelle
    • ballad
    • ballet
    • barcarole
    • canon
    • canticle
    • canzone
    • capriccio
    • carol
    • cavatina
    • chaconne
    • chorale
    • chorus
    • concertino
    • concerto
    • concerto grosso
    • descant
    • duet
    • entr'acte
    • entrée
    • étude
    • fantasia
    • fantasy
    • finale
    • fugue
    • humoresque
    • hymn
    • impromptu
    • interlude
    • intermezzo
    • lullaby
    • madrigal
    • march
    • mass
    • motet
    • movement
    • octet
    • opera
    • operetta
    • oratorio
    • overture
    • part-song
    • passacaglia
    • polonaise
    • prelude
    • psalm
    • quartet
    • quintet
    • recitative
    • refrain
    • requiem
    • rhapsody
    • ricercar
    • rondo
    • round
    • scherzo
    • septet
    • serenade
    • sextet
    • sinfonia
    • sinfonia concertante
    • solo
    • sonata
    • sonatina
    • song
    • spiritual
    • suite
    • symphony
    • toccata
    • trio
    • variation
  • Music Types
    • Type [Type A - Z]
    • acid house
    • ballet music
    • bebop
    • bhangra
    • bluegrass
    • blues
    • calypso
    • chamber music
    • choral music
    • church music
    • classical music
    • contrapuntal music
    • country and western
    • country
    • dancehall
    • dhrupad
    • disco
    • dodecaphonic music
    • easy listening
    • electro
    • flamenco
    • folk
    • funk
    • fusion
    • gagaku
    • gangsta rap
    • garage
    • go-go
    • gospel
    • grand opera
    • grunge
    • heavy metal
    • high life
    • hip hop
    • house
    • indie
    • jazz
    • klezmer
    • kwela
    • liturgical music
    • marabi
    • mbaqanga
    • minimalist music
    • motet
    • Motown
    • musique concrète
    • opera
    • opera buffa
    • orchestral music
    • Palm Court
    • popular music
    • psychobilly
    • punk
    • qawwali
    • ragamuffin
    • ragga
    • ragtime
    • rap
    • reggae
    • rhythm and blues (R and B)
    • rockabilly
    • rock and roll
    • salsa
    • serialism
    • sijo
    • ska
    • skiffle
    • soca
    • soul
    • spiritual music
    • swing
    • symphonic music
    • techno
    • thrash metal
    • zouk
    • zydeco 
  • Sound
    • Decibel Scale
      • Decibels: Typical sound [Decibels 0 - 9]
      • 0: threshold of hearing
      • 10: rustle of leaves in gentle breeze
      • 10: quiet whisper
      • 20: average whisper
      • 20-50: quiet conversation
      • 40-45: hotel; theater (between performances)
      • 50-65: loud conversation
      • 65-70: traffic on busy street
      • 65-90: train
      • 75-80: factory (light/medium work)
      • 90: heavy traffic
      • 90-100: thunder
      • 110-140: jet aircraft at takeoff
      • 130: threshold of pain
      • 140-190: space rocket at takeoff