G.I.F.T. Animated Logo.

General Information, Facts & Tables
[Medical Scales]

View a framed version of this site.View the list of all pages on this site.Search the content of this site by keyword.

Overview

top of page

The tables below list the commonly used medical scales.
 

Adult Glascow Scale

top of page

The Glasgow Coma Scale provides a score in the range 3-15; patients with scores of 3-8 are usually said to be in a coma. The total score is the sum of the scores in three categories. For adults the scores are as follows:

 

Response

Action

Score

Eye
Opening
Response

Spontaneous--open with blinking at baseline

4 points

Opens to verbal command, speech, or shout

3 points

Opens to pain, not applied to face

2 points

None

1 point

Verbal
Response

Oriented

5 points

Confused conversation, but able to answer questions

4 points

Inappropriate responses, words discernible

3 points

Incomprehensible speech

2 points

None

1 point

Motor
Response

Obeys commands for movement

6 points

Purposeful movement to painful stimulus

5 points

Withdraws from pain

4 points

Abnormal (spastic) flexion, decorticate posture

3 points

Extensor (rigid) response, decerebrate posture

2 points

None

1 point

 

Child Glascow Scale

top of page

For children under 5, the verbal response criteria are adjusted as follows

 

0 to 23 Months.

2 to 5 Years

Score

Smiles or "coos" appropriately

Appropriate words or phrases

5 points

Cries and consolable

Inappropriate words

4 points

Persistent inappropriate crying &/or screaming

Persistent cries and/or screams

3 points

Grunts or is agitated or restless

Grunts

2 points

No response

No response

1 point

 

APGAR Scale 

top of page

Activity, Pulse, Grimace, Appearance and Respiration are the 5 components of the APGAR score. The total APGAR score is the sum of the scores for the five signs.

 

Sign

0 points

1 point

2 points

Activity
(Muscle tone)

limp

limbs flexed

active movement

Pulse
(heart rate)

absent

< 100 / min

> 100 /min

Grimace
(response to smell or foot slap)

absent

grimace

cough or sneeze (nose)
cry and withdrawal of foot (foot slap)

Appearance
(colour)

blue

body pink
extremities blue

pink all over

Respiration
(breathing)

absent

irregular
weak crying

good strong cry