Upper Case

Name & Description

+

plus / addition



minus / subtraction

´

multiply / times

*

multiply / times

·

multiply / times

/

divide

¸

divide

±

plus or minus / add or subtract / positive or negative

=

equals / equal to

¹

not equal to

»

approximately equal to

º

equivalent to / identically equal to / congruent to

<

less than

£

less than or equal to

>

greater than

³

greater than or equal to

µ

varies as / proportional to

~

absolute difference of

:

proportion / ratio

.

decimal point

,

decimal marker

%

per cent / out of 100

‰

per mil / out of 1 000 000

( )

brackets / parentheses

á ñ

angle brackets

[ ]

square brackets

{ }

curly brackets / braces

[x]

largest whole number which is not greater than x

x

absolute value of x

x^{2}

x squared

x^{3}

x cubed

x^{n}

x to the power n

Ö

square root

^{3}Ö

cube root

^{n}Ö

nth root

Ð

angle



is parallel to


is not parallel to

^

is perpendicular to

º

degrees

'

minutes

"

seconds

Ç

intersection

È

union

É

includes

Ë

is not a subset of

Ì

is a subset of

Î

is a member of

Ï

is not a member of

Æ

empty set / null

Þ

implies

Ü

is implied by

Û

implies and is implied by

\

therefore

¥

infinity

n!

factorial n

!n

sub factorial n / derangements of n

i

square root of 1

e

mathematical constant "e"

p

mathematical constant "pi"

f(x)

function of x

f'(x)

first derivative of x

¦

integral / antiderivative

&

hexadecimal prefix

å

sum of


set of natural numbers


set of whole numbers


set of rational numbers


set of all complex numbers
